Since there are no currently active contests, we have switched Climate CoLab to read-only mode.
Learn more at
Skip navigation
Share via:


This proposal is based on the emission reduction commitment (known as an INDC) made by the United States prior to the 2015 UN Climate talks.



Which proposals are included in your plan and how do they fit together?

This seed proposal is based on the emission reduction commitment submitted by the United States in advance of the UNFCCC's 2015 climate negotiations. It was created by a Climate CoLab Fellow. We invite other CoLab members to link to this proposal or to use it as a starting point for creating new proposals of their own. The government of the United States has not reviewed or endorsed this proposal.

As part of the climate negotiations conducted each year under the auspices of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), countries submit Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) that outline pledges for future reductions in their national greenhouse gas emissions.

As declared in its INDC, the United States aims to achieve an economy-wide target of reducing its greenhouse gas emissions 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025.

The United States intends to achieve its target without the use of international carbon markets, and including emissions and sinks in the land sector (LULUCF). Current policy would achieve a 19,5-23% emissions reduction target. Thus, additional policy will be required to fill the 3- 8,5% gap.

The following goals are to be accomplished through current and planned policies.

  • Doubling overall energy productivity: Adoption of energy efficiency standards in buildings and transportation.


  • Doubling the share of renewable energy production, excluding hydro-power, to a 20%. Including hydro, the share of renewables by 2030 will be around 28%.


  •  Fuel switching to electricity and low-carbon fuels.


  • Reduction of methane and other greenhouse gases, contributing a 3.5-7% reduction of the total target. 

Explanation of the emissions scenario calculated in the Impact tab

What are the plan’s key benefits?

What are the plan’s costs?

What are the key challenges to enacting this plan?


Related plans


United States INDC: