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"Seeking the sustainability of supercritical fluids that may be found in uncharted waters!"


Description

Summary

 

Several years ago a lady, who was raised in Olangapo, Philippines,

told me that she was 17 when Mount Pinatubo erupted in 1991 . .

and her family and friends truly believed this was the biblical end

of the world!

 

Of course with Mount Pinatubo being just about 20 miles from

Olangapo and the eruption being 8 times greater than the Mt. St.

Helen's eruption in the U.S.A., the horrific impact of approximately

1,174 million tons of water, sulfur, and carbon dioxide; 921 million

tons of H20; 19 million tons of SO2; and 234 million tons of CO2;

raining down on your head day after day in total darkness would

have probably scared me to death!

 

I have often thought about the natural phenomenon of volcanic

factors and how the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo has become

a benchmark to help gauge and measure the perimeters and

variables of climate change.

 

I have also wondered . . how many of our approximately 30,000

seamounts, hydrothermal vents, black smokers and white smokers

in the Pacific Ocean and over 1,000 in the Atlantic Ocean have

equaled or exceeded the positive and negative potentials of

Mount Pinatubo. (Reference - 1) Found: The Hottest Water on

Earth - Catherine Brahic 

                             *                    *                    *    

This proposal is designed to economically produce supercritical

fluids to help serious science and engineering innovators prepare

global strategies to address the economics of food, water,

drought, energy, and climate change issues.

 

A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and

pressure above its critical point, where distinct liquid and gas

phases do not exist. It can effuse through solids like a gas, and

dissolve materials like a liquid. (Reference - 2) Supercritical fluid -

Wikipedia

                                  *     *     *     *     *     *    *    

       Supercritical fluids have the potential to save lives!


Category of the action

Reducing emissions from electric power sector.


What actions do you propose?

 

ACTIVATION BARGE  

This barge or a reasonable facsimile is designed to safely extract

supercritical fluids from hydrothermal vents to help our planetary

scientists and engineers focus on the essentials we need to

sustain the masses.                        

 

 

At sea level the air that surrounds us presses down on our bodies

14.5 pounds per square inch (one bar).

 

For every 33 feet (10.06 meters) you go down, the pressure

increases by 14.5 psi (one bar).

 

A height of water column 100 meters deep would have a

hydrostatic pressure of 10 (bar) and a (psi) of 142.

 

Black smokers were first discovered in 1977 on the East Pacific

Rise by scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

 

Now, black smokers are known to exist in the Atlantic and Pacific

Oceans, at an average depth of 2100 meters.

 

A hydrothermal vent of 2100 meters deep would have a hydrostatic

pressure of 210 (bars) and a (psi) of 2982.

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This proposal is based on the premise that if we use a controlled

environment inside a stringed casing to penetrate, air prime, and

reverse sequence within &/or above the turbulent

supercritical vent chamber, we may be able to create the dynamics

we need to bring supercritical fluids to the surface!

        *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *          *

(1) Position the activation barge over the hydrothermal vent.

(2) Install the casing string, where the foot is submerged within the

turbulence of the hydrothermal vent and the top of the string is

connected to the discharge and control tree on the barge.

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Contingent upon the situation, the foot may or not be perforated or

conical designed.

 

Also . . if the hydrothermal vent is located in very cold water , a

thermal insulation jacket on the casing may be used to ensure the

vent water arrives to the surface at a supercritical temperature.

        *          *          *           *          *          *          *          *          *

If the dynamics surrounding the foot are not sufficient to disturb

the inertia to bring the supercritical fluids to the surface . . .

 

(3) Connect an air compressor pump to the discharge and control

tree and pump all the liquid inside the casing downward and out

the foot which is submerged in the turbulence at the vent site.

 

(4) Shut off the compressor pump and open the casing valve on

the discharge and control tree to vent to the atmosphere or

processing barges.

This sequence of filling an empty casing string with supercritical

energy and the fact that every 33 feet (10.6 meters) we go up . .

decreases the pressure by 14.5 psi . . may create the inertia

dynamic of flow to the surface, where the valves on the control

tree may direct supercritical energy to designated tasks.

          *          *          *          *          *          *         *          *          *

If there was a need to create a supercharged dynamic to this

equation . . we could . .

(5) Have a remote operated valve far enough above the

hydrothermal vent so as not to sustain damage from the heat.

(6) Connect an air compressor pump to the discharge and control

tree and push the water out through the foot which is submerged

in the turbulence at the vent site.

(7) Close the remote valve.

(8) Also, connect a vacuum pump on the discharge and control tree

and empty the casing string of all the air until we pull a slight

vacuum.

(9) Open the remote valve and then a few seconds later open the

valve on the discharge and control tree to vent the supercritical

water to the atmosphere &/or processing barges.

                                 *          *          *          *          *

A processing barge is a floating or secured entity designed to

utilize supercritical energy into fuels, foods, and useful products.

 

Dedicated researchers and scientists sincerely believe the Ocean

Afforestation  Ecosystem has the potential to help neutralize

many of our ongoing and future planetary problems. (Reference -

3) Managed Seaweed Forests - Mark Capron (Ocean Foresters)

 

As one example;

Mitsubishi Research Institute has developed a process that

converts seaweed into useful energy. Their researchers found

that seaweed when blasted with super heated steam discharges

hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases that can be used to create

a biofuel, which, in turn, discharges no extra carbon dioxide when

burnt. (Reference - 4) Mitsubishi Research Institute

 

Another example;

The Great Pacific garbage patch is estimated to be about the size

of Texas to more than twice the size of the continental United

States. (Reference - 5) Great Pacific Garbage Patch

 

Supercritical fluids may help turn this floating dilemma into fuels

and useful products. (Reference - 6) Waste Plastic Gasification

 

This barge is designed to use electrolytical processes

(electrolysis) to decomposition chemical compounds into ions

using the action of an electric current passing through the

solution.

 

These hydrolytic processes of removing minerals and metals from

the hydrothermal vents may prove to be beneficial to mankind.

 

 

 

 

 

This barge contains the equipment, spare parts and personnel to

maintain and quickly react to conditions that would slow down the

operation.

 

 

 

 

 


Who will take these actions?

 

Governments, institutions, collations, consortiums, Non-profit

Organizations (NPOs), Non-government Organizations (NGOs),

and individuals concerned about the welfare of everyone on

Planet Earth.


Where will these actions be taken?

 

Everywhere on Planet Earth there is an opportunity to make a

positive difference!

 

If we can expand our abilities to tweak the dynamics of down-hole

hydrostatic pressure and "bubble-up" energy at a fair profit, at a

fair price, we may provide the essentials we will need for a better

tomorrow. 


How much will emissions be reduced or sequestered vs. business as usual levels?

 

Do to overlapping factors & variables: Emission reductions are

contingent upon how many phases of the operation are successful!

 

 


What are other key benefits?

 


                 . . . Planet Earth is faced with three realities . . .

 

(1) With ample food, water, and shelter . . there is NORMALCY!

(2) With limited food, water, and shelter . . there is ADAPTATION!

(3) Without food, water, and shelter . . there is MIGRATION and CHAOS!

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Cultivated land should never be depleted of its nutrients -

trading carbon footprints that are debatable.

 

Especially now, when crops we have always taken for granted are

failing to produce.

 

Cultivated land should be used to feed a starving world!

 

The utilization of supercritical fluids may be the dynamic we

desperately need to provide the essentials for Planet Earth. 


What are the proposal’s costs?

 


According to the Guardian, The International Energy Agency

estimates the world needs to invest more than $45 Trillion in new

energy systems over the next 30 years.

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                        $  $ $ $  CONVENTIONAL COSTS  $ $ $ $

Geothermal power at 4 to 7 U.S. cents Per Kilowatt Hour, coupled

with erratic oil prices, are making geothermal energy an

increasingly important source of worldwide electricity production.

 

The Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) is a project and

consortium of leading energy companies focused to drill deep

enough into the roots of a conventional high standard

hydrothermal system to produce water at Supercritical Conditions

and bring it to the surface as 400-600 C superheated steam at

subcritical pressures. (Reference - 7) Iceland deep drilling project

 

Estimated cost of a full scale IDDP well: U$ $ 14-16 millions.

Estimated cost of a 5 km deep production well: U$ $ 8-9 millions.

(Reference - 8) About  IDDP

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      $    SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS AT A LOWER COST!    $  

This unprecedented process titled, "Pursuing the Economical

Enhancement of Supercritical Fluids!" eliminates the high cost of

coring as the the casing is simply lowered into the supercritical

water chamber to prime, disturb the " Inertia ", and extract

this life saving energy to the surface.


Time line

 


Although - there are many factors and variables to consider - the

activation barge to began this process could be in a start-up mode

in approximately 90 days contingent upon a decision to move

forward.

 

If the activation barge is successful, the barges associated with

utilizing supercritical fluids will follow based on the needs and

abilities of global leadership.


Related proposals

 

The attached proposal titled, "Inertia Dynamics", is dedicated to

the inherent determination of innovators who focus and push on . .

even when their search for solution is without previous instance

or in sync with traditional and conventional thoughts embraced by

their peers. (Reference - 9) Inertia Dynamics (Hydraulic fracturing)

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Earthquakes!

This update to the above " Inertia Dynamics" proposal (emphasis mine)

is based on information provided by the U.S. Geological Survey and the

Oklahoma Geological Survey.

 

From 1978 to 2012 (34 years) Oklahoma had 201 earthquakes with a

magnitude of 3.0 or greater . . approximately 6 per year.

 

Between October, 2013 and April, 2014 (approximately 6 months)

Oklahoma has registered 183 earthquakes with a magnitude of 3.0 or

greater . .  approximately 31 per MONTH.

 

Would it be incorrect for Oklahomans to assume the fracking train has

left the station and someone may be asleep at the wheel?

 


References

 

(Reference - 1)

Found- The hottest water on Earth - New Scientist

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(Reference - 2)

..Supercritical fluid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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(Reference - 3)

Managed seaweed forests completely replace fossil fuels

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(Reference - 4)

Mitsubishi Research Institute

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(Reference - 5)

Great Pacific garbage patch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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(Reference - 6)

waste plastic gasification and hydrogen production ... - ISASF

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(Reference - 7)

Iceland Deep Drilling Project - Wikipedia

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(Reference - 8)

About « IDDP

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(Reference - 9)

 Inertia Dynamics