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This workable (SRM) (CDR) hybrid solution is designed to counteract the effects of atmospheric greenhouse gases.


Description

Summary

 

1st: the Bad News . .

According to the Mauna Loa Observatory, the atmospheric CO2 in 1986 was 349.77 parts-per-million (ppm). Global warming deniers were screaming from the rooftops and panning for the cameras in a desperate search for their 15 minutes of fame.

These cavalier reactions caused governments and politicians to relegate global warming and climate change issues to the back burner of inaction.

Corporations continued their focus on investment - while high profile scientists formed coalitions and staked out territorial theories of rhyme and reason.

It's now 2015 . .

The clock has ticked for 29 years and the atmospheric CO2 is 403.26 ppm and still going upward!

According to Bloomberg New Energy Outlook (BNEO) about $8 trillion or two thirds of the world's spending on new power capacity over the next 25 years, will go toward renewable power sources.

The further decline in the cost  of photovoltaic technology will drive a 3.7 trillion surge investment in solar, both large-scale and small-scale.

New onshore wind & solar will be cheaper than new & existing fossil fuel plants by 2030. ( Reference - 1 )

Still, without  additional policy action by governments, global carbon dioxide emissions from the power sector will continue to rise until 2029  and will remain 13 per cent higher than today's pollution levels in 2040.

That's not enough to prevent the surface of the Earth from heating more than 2 degrees Celsius, according to BNEF.

That's considered the point-of-no-return for some worst consequences of climate change.

The NATIONAL POST headlines read . . "The water table is dropping all over the world: NASA warns we're on the path to global drought!" ( Reference - 2 )

New information from credible scientists stating, "No rain for decades: stand by for 'mega droughts' , scientists warn!" ( Reference - 3 )

Research scientists at Stanford, Princeton, and Berkeley cites climate change, pollution, and deforestation as causes for a rapid change, where the knock-on effect could be the loss of entire ecosystems. ( Reference - 4 ) 

Simply put; history has proven that without the understanding to preempt and slowly slide into manageable adaptation . . violence replaces reason when local, regional, and global drought forces migration upon the masses.

Political and economical agendas of distrust and apprehension have created an impasse that affords no solution or escape for the millions of people who may die as a result of climate change.

For without law and the bare essentials to sustain life . . mankind will be forced to replace empathy and compassion with the desire to survive.

We must ask ourselves, "What if our leaders fail to find common ground before the devastating impacts of climate change are irreversible?"

It's becoming more obvious that if our leaders continue to play games . . the masses must seriously consider safe and effective options that puts the destiny of the people back into their own hands.

Better news . .

Many credible science researchers believe "Cloud Whitening" is probably Planet Earth's safest and best opportunity to cool our planet until we find the common ground to the use of clean energy.

Making clouds locally does not have to be approved as they dissipate naturally and leave no footprint.

Climate science researchers believe our planet can possibly tolerate twice the present carbon dioxide levels with no upwards temperature change , if we could increase the amount of solar energy reflected back out into space by about 2.0%.

Based on reasonable calculations of anthropogenic global warming . . this one move alone, would be comparable to slashing global carbon dioxide emissions by over 60% over the next 40 years.


Cloudtec (SRM) (CDR) is Planet Earth's hybrid option to economically and effectively reduce the impacts of atmospheric greenhouse gases to produce environmentally beneficial calcium bicarbonate. 


Which plan do you select for China?

Cooling Climate Change in China!

Which plan do you select for India?

Cooling Climate Change in India!

Which plan do you select for the United States?

Cooling Climate Change in the United States!

Which plan do you select for Europe?

Cooling Climate Change in Europe!

Which plan do you select for other developing countries?

Cooling Climate Change in Developing Countries!

Which plan do you select for other developed countries?

Cooling Climate Change in Developed Countries!

What additional cross-regional proposals are included in your plan, if any?


On 12/2011 . . I submitted to the American Geophysical Union (AGU) an abstract titled, "A Test to Prove Cloud Whitening THEORY!" ( Reference - 5 ) 

Thanks to Dr. Susan Solomon ( an expert member of Climate Co Lab ), David Ridley, their colleagues at MIT, and researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory who found that climate impacts of small volcanic blasts were overlooked, because planet cooling particles cluster below the satellites. ( Reference - 6 ) ( Reference - 7 ) ( Reference - 8 )  

                          ( Solar Radiation Management ) (SRM)

Those involved with Solar Radiation Management (SRM) sincerely believe that if we could increase the amount of solar energy reflected back out into space by about 2.0% . . this one move, alone, would reduce the impacts of global carbon dioxide emissions by 60% over the next 40 years.

                           (Carbon Dioxide Removal) (CDR)

Greg Rau, the MIT Climate Co Lab Judges Choice Winner of 2013, reports that based on Lab experiments we now have the opportunity to capture and store 70 to 80 percent of the carbon dioxide from power plants.

Spontaneous Conversion of Power Plant CO2 to Dissolved Calcium Bicarbonate

The interaction of carbon dioxide in air when mixed with water and this water comes into contact with limestone, the limestone reacts with carbon dioxide to form calcium bicarbonate.

This creates water slightly less acidic, to counteract the ocean acidification that occurs as the result of elevated carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.

The Technical University of Darmstadt in Germany estimates that it may cost less than 20 euros to capture each ton of carbon dioxide using limestone, compared with about 50 euros for traditional solvents. ( Reference - 9 ) MIT Technology Review

Cloudtec (SRM) (CDR) is the hybrid option, where the energy is free and all we have to do is add seawater &/or limestone and monitor the results.

- . Hybrid Climate Intervention . -


How do the regional and cross-sectoral plans above fit together?

The political and economical agendas of distrust and apprehension have created an impasse that affords no solution or escape for the millions of people who may die as a result of climate change.

For without law and the bare essentials to sustain life . . mankind will be forced to replace empathy and compassion with the inherent desire to survive.

I have asked myself many times, "What if our leaders fail to find the common ground we need before the devastating impacts of climate change are irreversible?"

As our world continues to implode  . . those within the geographical areas of impact who are better informed because of regional involvement within the solution may be better equipped to cope with the inevitable humanitarian issues involved.

This submission is designed to "Expand the Realm of Possibilities!" for those "out-of-the-box" abstract thinkers who have become disillusioned with endless hours of "in-the-box"dribble that has continued for years about (SRM) (CDR) issues . . when those hours could have been focused on finding hybrid solutions to reduce the impacts of (SRM) and (CDR) at the same time.

I strongly believe a solution focused around natural, commonsense, economical and effective innovation will be more conducive to saving lives!  

                          *                    *                    *                    *

Many credible science researchers believe "Cloud Whitening" is probably Planet Earth's safest and best opportunity to cool our planet because making clouds locally does not have to be approved as they dissipate naturally and leave no footprint.

Climate science researchers believe our planet can possibly tolerate twice the present carbon dioxide levels with no upwards temperature change, if we could increase the amount of solar energy reflected back out into space by about 2.0%.

Based on reasonable calculations of anthropogenic global warming . . this one move alone, would be comparable to slashing global carbon dioxide emissions by over 60% over the next 40 years.

Because global carbon dioxide emissions are relatively generated and overlapping . . any serious solution to be globally effective must be able to contribute (directly or indirectly) positive input from every region on Planet Earth.

This proposal has the "Cloud Whitening" capabilities to comprehensively unify (six) of the most important regions we  need to diametrically address our climate change dilemma in a safe, economical, and responsible manner.

Planet Earth desperately needs to fund a solution or at the very least lab model the safest environmental pollution removal and cooling process available!

Listed are three choices now available . .

(1) Natural clouds created by natural phenomenon but needing to be greatly expanded . . . .

(2) Enhanced cloud whitening that use pumps to spray seawater into the atmosphere.

(3) Smart clouds created by using free energy to expand seawater and crushed limestone mix into massive, atmospheric, reflective formations to remove elevated carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.

One example of how Cloudtec may help our climate change dilemma.

(a) To ensure responsible implementation of Cloudtec, skilled engineers of each country researches all wind patterns in their geographical location associated with the volcanic source to rain-out in a designated area of land or sea.

(b) They document the CO2 readings at official sites for reference.

(c) They apply a prescriptive blend of seawater / limewater to magma temperatures exceeding 2,000 degrees F.

(d) This interaction causes the volume of water to vaporize and expand over 1,700 to 4,000 times into thousands of cubic miles of maritime stratocumulus clouds to economically and effectively reduce the impacts of (SRM) and (CDR).

(e) This expanded hydrated lime / water with a PH of 12 . . when cooled . . spontaneously reacts with CO2 from the atmosphere until, after enough time, it is converted back to calcium carbonate which is crucial to balance coral reef development and survival.

(f) As time passes, they again document the CO2 readings at the official sites of reference.

(g) Contingent on the going market price of atmospheric CO2 removal per ton - they may choose to sell or trade their credits for what is best for their unique situation. 

The Bottom Line Here is:

When millions of lives and trillions of dollars are on the line . . every "Cloud Whitening " option should be evaluated on the neutral table of discussion and discourse as soon as possible.

We are all in this together and time is not on our side!

We will win together or lose together! 

 


Explanation of the emissions scenario calculated in the Impact tab

Cloudtec is a novel hybrid solution that uses FREE energy to economically and effectively reduce the impacts of (SRM) and (CDR) in one operation.

                              . . . Addressing (SRM) . . .

(1) The atmospheric CO2 in 1986 was 349.77 ppm.

                                 . . business as usual . .

However;

Climate science researchers believe if we could increase the amount of solar energy reflected back out into space by about 2.0% . . this one move, alone, would slash the impacts of global carbon dioxide emissions by 60% over the next 40 years.

(2) Cloudtec submitted an abstract titled, "A Test to Prove Cloud Whitening THEORY!" to the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in 2011. ( Reference - 5 )

                                         . . no response . .

However;

Researchers report in 2014 that small interactions from volcanoes help cool Planet Earth. ( Reference - 6 ) ( Reference - 7 ) ( Reference - 8 )

(3) The atmospheric CO2 in 2015 is now 403.26 ppm.


Cloudtec expands the positive IMPACTS of a solution that addresses (SRM) and (CDR) simultaneously using free energy in one application.

Based on lab experiments . . planetary researchers believe we now have the opportunity to capture and store 70 to 80 percent of the carbon dioxide from power plants. 

Spontaneous Conversion of Power Plant CO2 to Dissolved Calcium Bicarbonate

The Technical University of Darmstadt in Germany estimates that it may cost less than 20 euros to capture each ton of carbon dioxide using limestone. ( Reference - 9 )

Cloudtec is a FREE ENERGY (SRM) (CDR) hybrid strategy that creates a lime/water/air/ interaction to help cool Planet Earth and remove 70 to 80 percent of atmospheric CO2 within the smart cloud clusters

When this interaction of carbon dioxide in the air is mixed with water and limestone, the limestone reacts with carbon dioxide to form the calcium bicarbonate we need to help sustain our coral reefs.

A one page of additional explanation . .  Cloudtec


What are the plan’s key benefits?


Today (2015) somewhere on the Hawaiian Island Chain . . volcanic magma cascades from the land into the ocean creating a magma / seawater interaction.  

These small interactions of magma and seawater on 40 erupting volcanoes on Planet Earth have limited potential to reflect the incident Sun's rays back out into space and help cool Planet Earth!

Cloudtec creates the opportunity to focus millions of tons of seawater everyday on active and erupting volcanoes to create the "Cloud Whitening" albedo we need to reduce the impacts of climate change.

Cloudtec (SRM) equation:

Free Energy + Free Seawater + $313 = One Cubic Mile of "Cloud Whitening" to help cool Planet Earth!

Cloudtec (CDR) equation:

Free Energy + Free Seawater + Cost of Limestone + $313 = One Cubic Mile of "Cloud Whitening " to help cool Planet Earth & reduce the impact of atmospheric greenhouse gases!

Researchers in Germany seeking more energy - efficient, low-cost methods for carbon capture have found that it costs less than 20 euros to capture carbon dioxide using limestone, compared with about 50 euros for traditional solvents. ( Reference - 9 ) MIT Technology Review 

Climate scientists in the USA found that when carbon in air mixes with water that comes into contact with limestone, the limestone reacts with carbon dioxide to form calcium bicarbonate.

Exposing crushed limestone to concentrated levels of carbon dioxide found in exhaust gases makes it possible to capture and store 70 to 80 percent of the carbon dioxide emitted from a power plant, based on lab experiments.

( Please see: Reference - 10 - MIT Technology Review )

The Bottom Line Here Is . .

If we will utilize and expand the above information, we now have the opportunity to significantly reduce our climate change dilemma.

Free Energy + Free Seawater + Cost of Limestone + $313 = One Cubic Mile of "Cloud Whitening" to help cool Planet Earth & reduce the impact of atmospheric greenhouse gases.


What are the plan’s costs?

When drops of water fall on a stone with a temperature of 2,000+ degrees F, this interaction displaces the oxygen which causes the water to vaporize and expand over 4,000 times.

The enthalpy of vaporization turns water into the gaseous form (steam) when it increases in volume 1,700 times at standard temperature and pressure.

The John J. Harvey, a 1931 fireboat based in New York, will shoot water at a private event from all six water cannons for $5,000 per hour.

That's 900,000 gallons of water, pumped at the rate of 15,000 gallons a minute, for about a half-penny per gallon.

900,000 gallons per hour - times 24 hours equals 21,600,000 gallons per day.

$5,000 per hour - times 24 hours equals $120,000 per day.

Because the density of clouds fluctuate . . we will use the density of fog as the basis to have a more familiar understanding of the equation.

The condensed liquid water in one cubic mile of fog equals about 56,000 gallons of water.

Using these numbers as a (SRM) strategy . . the 1931 fireboat, John J. Harvey, will water cannon enough water to potentially manufacture (sixteen) one cubic mile fog cloud formations in one hour at a cost of $5,000 . . or about $313 per cubic mile.

If we used the above numbers as a (CDR) strategy . . we would add lime to the water to create a FREE ENERGY/lime/water/air interaction which could possibly remove 70 to 80 per cent of atmospheric CO2 within the smart cloud clusters.

The above assessment is based on the results of credible lab tests using lime to capture 70 to 80 per cent of the concentrated CO2 from power plant smokestacks.

If 900,000 gallons per hour of lime/water was applied to the free energy of 2,000+ F magma, the smarter cloud densities and potential formations could expand to any number between 1,700 and 4,000. 


Fortunately, many of the 40 erupting volcanoes on Planet Earth   are located on the coastlines of 86 countries currently recognized to have a Coast Guard &/or Navy where they can train personnel or utilize contractors.


What are the key challenges to enacting this plan?

As a realist, I finally understand that according to the experts at Bloomberg, as long as Planet Earth has the fossil fuels available more economical than renewable energy . . emissions will continue to increase and compound the impacts of climate change to at least 2029. ( Reference - 1 )

However, on the other hand, climate science researchers believe if we could increase the amount of solar energy reflected back out into space by about 2.0% . . this one move, alone, would equate to slashing global carbon dioxide emissions by over 60% over the next 40 years.

Many credible science researchers believe "Cloud Whitening" is probably Planet Earth's safest and best opportunity to cool our planet until we find the common ground to the use of clean renewable energy.

Making clouds locally does not have to be approved as they dissipate naturally and leave no footprint.

"Cloud Whitening" innovation, as an opportunity to help neutralize climate change, may someday be in the hands of local and regional leaders! 


Timeline

Year one:

A two track regional test to . .

(A) Prove Cloudtec's ability to create Cloud Whitening.   

(B) Prove Coudtec's ability to remove Atmospheric Carbon. 

                                     *          *          *          *

Suggested location:

A safe and economical (SRM) (CDR) test for one year on the big island of Hawaii will cost approximately nine million dollars.

(No profit added).

Hawaii contains unlimited energy and is about 1,000 miles from the closest land that is not an island.

This test will require only seawater mixed with lime applied on the exposed magma and hotspot shield of the Kilauea volcano.

This one page of additional information will help to better overview this unprecedented solution. Cloudtec

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These tests are designed to have minimal impacts and uncertainties with verifiable proof of concepts.

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Please note;

If funding is unavailable, these tests may be economically modeled in credible labs.   


References

 

( Reference - 1 ) New Energy Outlook 2015 (NEO) - Bloomberg New Energy ..-_____________________________________________________

( Reference - 2 ) by Todd C. Frankel

 'The water table is dropping all over the world'- NASA warns we're on the path to global drought

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( Reference - 3 ) by Tom Bawden

 No rain for decades- Stand by for the ‘megadroughts’, scientists warn

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( Reference - 4 ) by Rose Troup Buchanan 

Earth enters sixth stage of extinction -- and humans are among 'walking

dead'..-

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( Reference - 5 ) a Test to Prove Cloud Whitening THEORY!

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( Reference - 6 ) By Richard Gray for MAILONLINE: authors David Ridley, Susan Solomon, and colleagues at MIT.

Volcanoes ARE cooling Earth and have reduced temperatures and tropical rainfall Daily Mail Online

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( Reference - 7 ) By Anthony Watts: authors Ben Santer, Mark Zelinka, and colleagues at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Ben Santer tries to explain 'the pause' in global warming ...

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( Reference - 8 ) By Becky Oskin for Livescience: authors David Ridley and colleagues at MIT.

Small Volcanic Eruptions Slow Global Warming - LiveScience

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( Reference - 9 ) MIT Technology Review

Limestone Offers a Cheap, Efficient Way to Capture Carbon ..-

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( Reference - 10 ) by Kevin Bullis - MIT Technology Review

Capturing and Storing Carbon Dioxide in One Simple Step

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