The marine space offers the least complex starting point for addressing A2R needs for effective-profitable-intergrated socioeco solutions.
Per: The National Climate Assessment, Chapter 28: Adaptation. US Global Change Research Program:
1) New approaches and strategies:
2) Identifying synergies and mainstreaming adaptation:
3) Financing and partnerships:
4) Communication, education, participation and awareness:
5) Fostering collective decision-making:
6) Paying attention to the robustness of proposed adaptation interventions:
In Alexander Gillespie's remarkably comprehensive work Conservation, Biodiversity and International Law, as well as the the other works found in the New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series, we find knowledge which is critical to planing any large scale solutions to the wide spectrum of goals set out in A2R. Synthesizing the totality of the available knowledge on the vast number of subjects and factors is, however, challenging and gaining clarity on the issue of priorities is even more challenging.
Where is the entry point for achieving a globally unifying on-the ground effort? Well, it may not be actually found 'on-the-ground'!
This proposal offers a vision which is marine centric as the marine space offers the least complex technical-regulatory starting point as well as being potentially the most effective at the socio-environmental and profit levels.
It is proposed that:
1) The deployment of large scale off-shore human cities to act as on-going Oceanic Resources Conservation and Adaptation (ORCA) cities which can mass produce critical carbon negative commodities for the global market while working to maximize environmental services and biodiversity found in our great seas and high seas.
2) Using the ORCA derived C-neg commodities out-put as a means to reduce the UN refugee costs and use the ORCA cities as refugee habitat.
3) Establish internationally recognized ORCA colonies, with EEZs, on the high seas to provide legally protected regions for ocean conservation.
What actions do you propose?
"Fish Carbon provides a direct channel through which governments and the private sector can meet national, regional and global commitments on climate change and sustainability. The recognition and valuation of marine vertebrate carbon services may support policies to improve oceanic carbon function, thereby helping to mitigate climate change, and to improve marine ecosystem management."
"Although many advances have been made in the last few years, there are still many challenges associated with unlocking the values of coastal carbon and ecosystem services; and then turning them into revenue and management options. The science still contains many gaps, there are very few ‘proof of concept’ on-the-ground examples around the world, and the international community still does not fully recognize the value of these systems for climate change mitigation or adaptation.
The Blue Forests Project aims to address these challenges through coordinated on-the-ground demonstrations where better coastal ecosystem management is achieved by harnessing the values associated with carbon and ecosystem services, addressing key knowledge gaps, and providing experience and tools for greater global application. This four year project is an initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and co-financed by project partners, and managed by GRID-Arendal, a Norwegian foundation and center collaborating with UNEP."
"A US Department of Energy study from 2001 proposed to replicate a natural process of carbon sequestration in the ocean by combining water rich in CO2 gas with carbonate[CO3-] to produce a bicarbonate [HCO3-] slurry. Practically, the engineered process could involve hydrating the CO2 from power plant flue gas and running it through a porous bed of limestone to ‘fix’ the carbon in a saturated bicarbonate solution. This solution could then be deposited at sea to sink in the deep ocean. The cost of this process, from capture to ocean burial, was estimated to range between $90 to "A US Department of Energy study from 2001 proposed to replicate a natural process of carbon sequestration in the ocean by combining water rich in CO2 gas with carbonate[CO3-] to produce a bicarbonate [HCO3-] slurry. Practically, the engineered process could involve hydrating the CO2 from power plant flue gas and running it through a porous bed of limestone to ‘fix’ the carbon in a saturated bicarbonate solution. This solution could then be deposited at sea to sink in the deep ocean. The cost of this process, from capture to ocean burial, was estimated to range between $90 to $180 per tonne of CO2 and was highly dependent on the distance required to transport limestone, seawater, and the resulting bicarbonate solution.80 per tonne of CO2 and was highly dependent on the distance required to transport limestone, seawater, and the resulting bicarbonate solution.
Expected benefits from bicarbonate production over direct CO2 gas injection would be a significantly lesser increase in ocean acidity and a longer timescale for burial before the captured carbon would be released back to the atmosphere."
"Finding the adequate financial support to set up a coastal carbon project or program is not an undemanding task. However, reports like this one, or other tools and resources, are trying to ease the way through the climate finance jungle. Wetland –coastal or other – conservation and restoration efforts are more important than ever, and climate finance can help materialize some real implementation on the ground. Climate change finance, additionally coupled and leveraged through biodiversity finance, offers a suite of funding, as well as a plethora of financial mechanisms to support the conservation and restoration of wetlands worldwide, yet is not easy to get hold off. This report tried to provide the reader interested in coastal carbon activities with a first overview of the types of finance available. The scope and scale as well as the geographical and political situation will determine which mechanism, or which A final word 8 A final word combination of mechanisms, is accessible for the development and implementation of a particular wetland carbon project or program. The stated literature and reading sources provide further insights and details for the reader to engage much deeper with a specific fund and/or financial mechanism. And as a final note, it has to be borne in mind that financing for climate change, biodiversity, and water resources will remain a quickly changing subject matter for quite some years to come; and, therefore, checking the information against the latest on the provided websites is a wise approach."
- Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 per cent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 per cent of the living space on the planet by volume
- Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods
- Globally, the market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at $3 trillion per year or about 5 per cent of global GDP
- Oceans contain nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions
- Oceans absorb about 30 per cent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming
- Oceans serve as the world’s largest source of protein, with more than 3 billion people depending on the oceans as their primary source of protein
- Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people
- Subsidies for fishing are contributing to the rapid depletion of many fish species and are preventing efforts to save and restore global fisheries and related jobs, causing ocean fisheries to generate US$ 50 billion less per year than they could
- As much as 40 per cent of the world oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, depleted fisheries, and loss of coastal habitats
The below is accredited to: http://www.ne.jp/asahi/mh/u/HoriCNES_ES.pdf
Who will take these actions?
Where will these actions be taken?
What are other key benefits?
11 - 20 JULY 2016, NEW YORK | MINISTERIAL DAYS FROM 18 - 20 JULY
The High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development is United Nations central platform for the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, adopted at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September 2015.
The Forum, which adopts a Ministerial Declaration, is expected to start effectively delivering on its mandates to provide political leadership, guidance and recommendations on the 2030 Agenda's implementation and follow-up; keep track of progress; spur coherent policies informed by evidence, science and country experiences; as well as address new and emerging issues.
What are the proposal’s costs?
Under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), emission-reduction projects in developing countries can earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits. These credits can be traded and sold by industrialized countries to meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. Financing for the Adaptation Fund comes mainly from sales of certified emission reductions. The share of proceeds amounts to 2 percent of the value of CERs issued each year for CDM projects.
The Digital Coast is a collaboration of organizations committed to providing data and information, tools, and training resources to help address timely coastal issues, including land use, coastal conservation, hazards, marine spatial planning,...