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Disruptive 0E energy tech works better than fossil/nuclear at a better value, based on a new, previously undocumented aspect of physics.


Description

Summary / Résumé

Independent Energy is a group of self-funded inventors/engineers who have discovered a new aspect of physics; the ability to convert the effects of centrifugal force (g-force) into kinetic motion. This process is previously undocumented and is not yet named. In a scientifically valid experiment we demonstrated the ability to convert g-force into kinetic motion when a 4-wheel cart with the technology built into it accelerated at a greater rate and rolled further than the same cart with the technology inactive. The conversion of the effects of g-force were added to the overall kinetic energy of the cart. This experiment was conducted on Earth where normal gravity (1G) makes the conversion relatively small and difficult to even notice without precision measuring equipment.

The mathematical predictions indicate that when this technology is subjected to multiple g-force, the additional energy that can be added will increase geometrically, up to limit that is not yet known. The square of the acceleration of the wheel is proportional to the energy output. Therefore under 2G conditions, the theoretical prediction is the technology will covert the effects of g-force into 4x additional energy, under 4G; 16x the energy will be added.

We propose to computer-model the design feature so that we can computer simulate varied features and materials to discover and quantify the design and material combination that maximizes the output under computer simulated multiple g-force conditions.

We have conceived an electro-mechanical system that operates in a nearly frictionless environment and very efficiently creates the conditions that will optimize the conversion of the effects of g-force. We propose to computer-model the entire generator system where it can tested under different configurations before any physical tooling is created.

The system is called the P6G Centrifugal Force Generator.


What actions do you propose? / Quelles actions proposez-vous?

Our new technology design, called the P6G Centrifugal Force Generator is a solution that can replace fossil fuel and nuclear power in every application while delivering an increase in performance at a better value, thereby eliminating all emissions from these activities.

Transportation: The P6G will enable a new type all-electric vehicle including every type of ground, air and marine transportation to significantly outperform any other fuel source. Vehicles will operate like conventional electric vehicles except the P6G generator will be on board with its own battery, and similar to a gasoline hybrid vehicle, electricity will be generated into the vehicles drive battery.

The difference is that our generator will only trickle draw 5% of the generators requirements from its battery while 90% of the generators driving energy will be coming from the conversion of the effects of g-force into kinetic motion. The result will be the ability to use smaller, lighter, less expensive batteries in electric vehicles’ but with significant increases in range and endurance. If installed in a conventional electric vehicle today, the electric vehicle would enjoy approximately 20x greater range. Since 6,000 mile (9,656 km) range is not needed, instead electric vehicles could have smaller/lighter/less expensive batteries but still have far greater range than fossil fuel vehicles.

A differently configured P6G will used at a home or business location to power the building and recharge the electric vehicles generator battery. When recharged from an off-grid building based unit day or night, power from the traditional fossil fuel/nuclear grid can be excluded from the cycle, making the EV, true zero emissions.

Buildings: The P6G will allow any building to use more energy at low, flat rate with zero environmental impact. Urban locations will be structured as micro-grids with sunny buildings contributing solar energy, windy buildings contributing wind energy, and buildings with neither housing a large format P6G generator.  On-site generation without a grid connection makes widespread power outages a thing of the past and eliminates the cost and poor aesthetics of power line poles, wires, large wind farms, and large solar arrays.

The technology is scalable so larger or smaller output units can be constructed for any size vehicle or building application.

Technology 

There is a fundamental misunderstanding of what is happening when objects roll or are rotated. Our technology, called the P6G, uses a rotational aspect that is previously undocumented and has not yet been named. Under 1G conditions (normal gravity) its existence is almost undetectable and is one reason why it has been previously unexplored. Some ask how we discovered something that other physicists have overlooked for years and the answer is partially that the design necessary to take advantage of this aspect wouldn’t have been possible until after the invention high-speed sensors and computers.

The P6G design is based on the ability to convert a portion of the effects of centrifugal force (g-force) into kinetic motion. In an experiment we demonstrated that under 1G conditions the technology converted g-force into a small amount of kinetic motion; whereas a cart accelerated at a greater rate and rolled a little further than the same cart with the technology inactive. The mathematics used to predict this experimental result indicate that when our technology is under multiple g-force conditions the conversion is increased at a geometric rate.

 

After funding, our plan is to computer model an advanced experiment to determine the design features and material selection that will maximize the result under multiple g-force conditions. Then we will computer model the entire generator, configured to achieve high efficiency while delivering the desired conditions to maximize the conversion of the effects of g-force into kinetic motion.

We do not know the ideal design, materials to used in various systems, ideal operating parameters, life expectancy of the unit. We do not yet have any of the software that will internally operate the device.

 

How the Mechanical Design Will Work

The P6G relies on two variable, computer controlled sources of energy to operate: 1. Stored renewable energy from a battery and 2. The conversion of g-force directly into kinetic motion. The quantities from each source are varied by a computer depending on the load demand and conditions inside the device.

A. A majority of conventional electricity generation systems burn a fuel to create kinetic motion from which electricity can be generated. Our technology also relies on kinetic motion but we use electricity as our “fuel” to create kinetic motion, not via a conventional motor, instead we will use a repulsive magnetic drive system, driving from the outside-in using less energy and creating far less heat while providing a mechanical advantage.

Note: Whenever heat or energy is conserved in a process, more energy is available to do the work of the device.B. The P6G has multiple generators that roll within a contained track in a nearly frictionless environment via air bearings and maglev technologies. At start-up and low RPM, 100% of the energy required to create kinetic motion will come from the battery.

C. As the device increases in RPM, the rolling generators will be subjected to increased levels of the effects of centrifugal force. Laws of physics dictate that when the speed of rotation (RPMs) are doubled, g-force is quadrupled and conventionally it requires quadruple the energy to double the RPM’s. Our more efficient design requires only half of the input energy to obtain that.

D. As the device approaches optimal RPM a proprietary design aspect inside each rolling generator converts a small portion of the effects of centrifugal force directly into kinetic motion. This is accomplished by the continuous redirection of the angle of the effects of centrifugal force, slightly forward of the 90 degree perpendicular in the direction that the wheel is rolling. Exactly how this can done is proprietary and is part of our provisional patent. The effects of g-force are now adding to the overall kinetic motion of the device.

As RPMs increase, g-force increases and more and more of the kinetic motion (that is the turning of the device) will come from g-force. As more and more energy enters the system, in order to maintain a given RPM, the computer will stabilize the amount of overall kinetic motion by reducing the quantity coming from the battery. Then, a given RPM is maintained while a high value of torque is created.

E. At optimal RPM the generator will be creating 30kW continuous while kinetic motion from the battery’s input is reduced down to 5%, 90% of the kinetic motion will come from the conversion of g-force and 5% is lost. The system has a balanced conservation of energy equation as 5% + 90% + 5% = 100%

The standard view of energy does not include this new source of energy and therefore often leads to the wrong conclusion of an unbalanced first-law of thermodynamics equation. Energy was neither created nor destroyed. Often this misunderstanding leads to the false conclusion that this technology appears that it will create more energy than it uses, however, this is not correct. It is calculated that the mechanical design would use 31.5kW of energy to produce 30kW of output, having a loss in the system of 1.5kW or 95% efficient. Our process is not perpetual motion as an outside energy source is always required; it is not getting something for nothing; as it is getting something from somewhere new. It does not violate any laws of physics; only works differently than conventional wisdom says it has to.

For anyone who wants to understand how this technology is NOT in violation of the Laws of Thermodynamics or is NOT a perpetual motion machine; please see our web site FAQ where many of the most common misunderstandings are addressed:  http://ienergycorp.us/FAQ.html

We have proven this aspect through scientific experiment. We have designed a low-friction, ultra high efficiency mechanical device to take advantage of this new aspect of physics; conversion of the effects of g-force into kinetic motion and have provisionally patented the overall design.

The device will be far superior to existing conventional energy generation and existing renewables because energy drawn off a battery for heating, cooling etc... is not drawn off at 100% like all other technologies, instead when our technology is used it is reduces draw off the battery to as low as 5%, enabling the generator to operate far longer without any environmental impact.

Several aspects make this technology possible, including:

1. Ultra high efficient creation of kinetic motion

2. Low friction environment; low heat

3. Use of mechanical advantage

4. Use of high speed computers and sensors to vary, control the input sources

5. New, proprietary ability to instantaneously convert the effects of g-force into kinetic motion

Advantages:

Size: Instead of large solar or large wind farms, the P6G would enable the typical rooftop solar home to operate 100% off-grid while the home or business could consume more energy. In transportation, such as the Tesla electric car, in its current configuration, with the addition of the P6G, it is calculated that range could be extended a factor of 20x. A new, use as much you like/need cost model affords improve lifestyle for many more people.

Latitude: The trickle draw off a battery for operation enables intermittent or unreliable solar/wind collection typical at extreme high/low latitudes.

Scalability: The mathematics indicates the design is scalable so that larger units can be designed to produce more energy.

Zero Emission: The technology design produces no emissions or dangerous waste as compared to fossil fuel and nuclear power.


Which types of stakeholders are involved, in which way? / Quels types de parties prenantes sont impliqués, de quelle façon?

Stake Holder #1: Someone to provide initial financing. Possibilities include: UN, country government, private sector venture capital, high net worth individual, or consortium. After year three, the business will become self-funded through manufacturing license sales and residual royalty commissions.

Stake Holder #2: The proposal authors will license and transfer the technology to manufacturers with existing sales, distribution, and installation infrastructure for household/commercial energy generation use. The proposal authors will license and transfer the technology to manufacturers in transportation: every land, air and sea vehicle.

Stake Holder #3: The proposal authors will establish a non-profit with the purpose of bringing the technology to worlds poor at no or low-cost to the user. The non-profit will buy and distribute product in the marketplace using funds created from their independent operation.


How could the actions be scaled up at the neighborhood or city level? / Comment serait-il possible d'augmenter la portée des actions à l'échelle des quartiers ou de la ville?

Traditional urban renewable energy plans require outplacing of renewable assets. Our technology affords the ability to generate on-site energy without a grid connection by using on site renewables in a hybrid system; however, if on-site solar or small turbine is impractical, alternatively hydroelectric via the grid can be used.

Competitive Cost Comparison (USA single unit residential purchase): Current energy expenditures total = $305-$505 per month with incremental increase in costs based on increase usage. Current average electricity (varies by region) cost of $110 per month, plus heat: $100-$300 per month and $94.60 per month on gasoline (44 gallons month @$2.15/gal 11-23-2016, USA) Our Alternative: Retail purchase and installation of solar, small wind turbine, battery and our technology: $35,000-$72,000 with a useful life of 20 years. Or $145-$300 per month but affords increased energy usage (including heat/a/c and electric car charging) compared to the current average electricity (varies by region) cost of $110 per month, plus heat: $100-$300 per month and $94.60 per month on gasoline (44 gallons month @$2.15/gal 11-23-2016, USA)

In an urban, 60-unit apartment building type scenario a single power plant located within the building could generate enough power for every tenant so that no grid connection was necessary or desired. Solar panels and small vertical wind turbines could be placed on the roof or another other renewable source (hydroelectric power from the grid) with batteries and generators located in the buildings basement. In scenarios where certain buildings have no solar or wind opportunities a small micro-grid arrangement could be made where one or more buildings would contribute energy to the shared micro-grid. Taking into account efficiencies of scale a power plant for a 60-unit building would be equivalent to costs of 40 individual generator systems. The installation of solar, small wind turbine and batteries would cost between $1.4 million to $2.88 million per building (estimated). Costs per unit per month over 20 years = $97-$195. Each unit would be provided “unlimited” energy consumption (up to a high set limit) for lights, heat, a/c and vehicle recharging.

The ability to use more energy (keep more lights on or make it warmer/cooler) without any increased incremental cost or environmental impact provides our technology with a significant competitive advantage.


What impact will these actions have on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate change? / Quels impacts auront ces actions sur la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre et l'adaptation aux changements climatiques?

We calculate that our technology will eliminate all emissions from energy generation, industry and transportation over a 20 year period. Using carbon emissions per capita the average American is responsible for 19.8 tons per person, and the average Chinese citizen is at 4.6 tons.

Our plan is not to become the sole manufacturer of this technology but to share it with the world and license as many manufacturers in as many industries as quickly as possible. Every 2 units installed will remove one household’s GHG emissions from energy generation and transportation.

We calculate a single, large manufacturer might produce up to 1,000 units per day. (365,000 units a year) Every 2 units (1 in home, 1 in vehicle) produced makes the household gross zero.

The first year will be 2 manufacturers, the year after: 4, then 8, 16, 32, 64, 192, 576, 1,728, 5,184: After year 10; 1.8 billion units will be produced per year, equating to 946,080 million households becoming gross zero GHG’s per year.


What are the other environmental, economic or social benefits? / Quels sont les autres bénéfices environnementaux, économiques et sociaux?

SDG's impacted:

#1 Poverty: Affordable clean energy powers industrial revolution and economic activity that enables all to participate and become contributing members of the economy.

#2 Zero Hunger: Zero fuel costs to desalinate, pump, or purify water powers local, self sustainable agriculture in many more areas. Zero fuel cost energy affords climate-controlled greenhouses at any latitude or location. Transportation fuel costs eliminated makes it far easier to provide logistics for self sustainable agriculture with excess distributed to the marketplace.

#3 Good Health: Our tech will save 1.5 million lives per year by replacing cooking/heating fires with clean electricity. Water scarcity eliminated. 

#6 Clean Water and Sanitation: Our technology will afford a low, flat-rate cost to desalinate, purify and pump water, making clean water and sanitation available to everyone in the world.

#7 Clean Energy: Our technology will change the energy paradigm from a consumption based cost model to a use-as-much-as-you-like, flat-rate cost model and will eliminate GHG’s from energy generation, industry and transportation. 

#8 Decent Work and Economic Growth: Our technology will power a new industrial revolution that everyone, everywhere will be able to participate in, all without any environmental impact.

#9 Industry: Flat-rate, use as much as you like consumption model encourages economic activity. When the cost of heating, cooling, lighting factories is made a flat-rate, industry can operate more often, producing more product within more places.

#11 Sustainable Cities: Our technology will provide 100% of the power requirements in urban locations, by clean sources that are located within the city itself. Clean water is easy to get, sanitation is easy to provide, lighting, heating, cooling of public spaces has no increased fuel cost. 

#13 Climate Action: Our technology makes “climate action” in the ares of energy generation and transportation unnecessary.


What are the most innovative aspects and main strengths of this approach? / Quels sont les aspects novateurs et les principales forces de cette approche?

The P6G utilizes a brand new source of energy that has never been explored or considered in the past. We have designed an electro-mechanical device operated by computers and high-speed sensors that create the optimal conditions to take advantage of this aspect of physics. It will outperform fossil fuel and nuclear power in energy generation and in all modes of transportation; land, air and sea.

It is ironic that we have the perception that we live in very high-tech world, yet all of our high-tech devices and modern conveniences rely on a fragile, old-fashioned, polluting grid network powered by thermodynamics (using an expanding gas (steam) to create work) in basically the same way it was in the 1800’s. The high-tech world is really only one downed power line away from the dark ages.

Current renewable options were all invented before the 8-track player, and are not based on anything high-tech. Wind turbine electricity generation was invented in 1888 and solar was invented in 1954. Both have improved since their invention, but not to level that can outperform the fossil fuel or nuclear grid.

In fact, all the effort in renewables between 1973 and 2014 has only reduced fossil fuel and nuclear power use by 1.2%. Clearly, we need a new renewable source that can replace fossil fuel nuclear power.

Transportation relies similarly on expanding a gas (burning fuel) to create work and high–tech electric vehicles rely on the old-fashioned fossil fuel/nuclear steam grid to be recharged.


What are the proposal’s projected costs? / Quels sont les coûts projetés de la proposition?

IE, LLC wants to form a joint-venture equity partnership with either: 1.) An existing manufacturer with engineering and computer modeling infrastructure in place or 2.) A financial partner to finance the creation of our own infrastructure. 

1. Virtual Fully Functional Prototype: (Within year 1-3, $1.5 million per year) design and model a computer-aided engineering (CAE), simulation analysis generator. Utilize computer-driven tools within the CAD software to operate the device calculating stress and strain, anticipating motion and deflection, thermodynamic processes, efficiencies, energy usage, energy output, vibration, noise and estimated cost for each component when manufactured. 

2.) Licensing & Technology Transfer (Years 2-3+) Using the engineering analysis simulation model, license OEM manufacturers in every other applicable industry and application using their existing distribution channels. Licensee’s will include hundreds of manufacturers that will make product to power buildings worldwide plus multiple manufacturers each in categories including: cars, trucks, buses, tractor trailers, motorcycles, RV’s, utility vehicles, pleasure boats, transport ships, yachts, cruise ships, private aircraft, commercial aircraft and military vehicles (all types). Company becomes primarily a technology transfer and patent protection operation.

 


What are the potential challenges or obstacles? / Quels sont les défis ou les obstacles potentiels?

Internal Challenges:

The mathematical (theoretical) predictions are that this process will yield a geometric increased rate under multiple g-force conditions. Quantify it via computer model simulation. 

Refine the design to maximize performance; alter design parameters within the computer model simulation in an attempt to maximize efficiencies.

External Challenges:

Equity Investment: We have been self-funded to date but to get to the next level funding is the single greatest external challenge facing this project.

Consumer Credit Availability: funds would have to available to finance consumer/commercial purchase or lease of our equipment.

Personnel: Initially we will need to hire two additional experts in computer modeling and custom simulation with one having the focus in mechanical engineering (components and systems) and the other in computer software (high speed sensors/robotics). As each new OEM is licensed the need for internal engineering, administration, accounting, legal, sales and marketing staff also increases. Our revenue growth will correspond to our ability to stay ahead of personnel headcount demands and our ability to hire, train and deploy personnel worldwide.

Governments: We will need cooperation from jurisdictions in allowing us to enforce our patents, enabling product use (many jurisdictions don’t allow 100% off-grid buildings), replacing fuel consumption taxes with an alternative that does not significantly impugn growth of our technology.


About the authors / À propos des auteur(e)s

Fred Ball: (Brookfield, CT, USA) Founder, President and CEO. Fred is overseeing the day-to-day execution of company operations.

Philip E. Philleson: (Ocala, FL, USA) Founder, Executive Vice President of Engineering. Phil is responsible for all engineering operations.

Frank Perroni: (New York, NY, USA) Founder, National and International Marketing. 

Dr. John F. Doorish: (New York, NY, USA) Consultant Dr. Doorish is a Theoretical Physicist. He holds degrees in Physics from St. John’s University (BS, 1980) and MS (1985) in Applied Physics from Columbia University and a Doc­torate (1988) in Mathematics from Columbia University. 

Paul Farris: Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Consultant (Atlanta, GA, USA) Paul has a background in design development of electro-mechanical components.  

Glen Beanard: Electro/Mechanical Systems, Consultant (Columbia, SC, USA) Glen is an expert at advising on the relationship between mechanical and electronic control systems. 


References / Références

Science: The ability to convert g-force into kinetic motion was already proven by experiment and a developed equation by Professor Jorge C. Cure. The process explored we call the Down The Ramp Effect (DTRE)

To investigate the reality of the DTRE, we built a four-wheel cart with the total mass of 61 pounds. Each wheel of the cart had a mass equal to 12.1875 pounds and had the ability to have the technology locked (normal) or unlocked (active), known as the Annular Down The Ramp Effect Device (ADTRED)

Time: One experiment consisted in timing a cart rolling down an inclined plane. According to theoretical predictions the cart should take less time, in traveling the same distance, when the ADTRED is active in the four wheels as compared with the rolling cart having the ADTRED locked. The cart with tech active reached the finished line sooner. 

Distance: The dynamical test consisted in letting a cart to roll down a ramp formed by two inclined planes connected by a smooth curve. The total length of the ramp was 48 feet.

In this experiment the cart started from rest; it descended the ramp in the beginning to later ascend another ramp to a maximum height. Fourteen runs were made with the wheels of the cart having the ADTRED locked. Another set of thirteen runs were made with the ADTRED unlocked. 

This last result is extraordinary. The cart ascended a greater vertical distance. When the ADTRED was activated the total mass of the cart did not change or did the moment of inertia of the wheels. The cart, through the ADTRED, simply extracted energy from the centrifugal field associated to the spinning wheels of the cart.

Conclusion: The cart traveled the same distance in a shorter timeframe and ascended a few inches more the second inclined plane. The extra energy the cart needed to accelerate faster and ascend more the second inclined plane was extracted from the centrifugal field of the four rolling wheels by the DTRE under normal 1G conditions. This extra centrifugal energy was immediately converted into kinetic energy of translation of the center of mass of the cart, and rotational kinetic energy of the wheels.