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Sam Carana's Climate Plan complemented by responsible handling of inorganic waste, focusing on local feebates



Using effective policies such as local feebates to facilitate: 
• Responsible handling of inorganic waste
• Emission cuts
• CO2 removal and safe storage
• Solar Radiation Management 
• Increased Arctic snow & ice cover 
• CH4 management & further action

Targets are set by global commitment. Decisions as to how best to achieve targets can be delegated to nations and further down to local communities. Where local communities fail to meet targets, that delegation is withdrawn and state fees are added to products sold in and coming from the respective area. Similarly, where a state fails to reach targets, national and international policies are implemented regarding that nation, such as fees on products traded with that nation, boycotts, etc. 


Sam Carana's Climate Plan

Responsible handling of inorganic waste.

What actions do you propose?

Sam Carana's Climate Plan proposes comprehensive and effective action on climate change. Responsible handling of inorganic waste complements the Climate Plan in regard to general sustainability.

Sam Carana's Climate Plan is discussed, e.g., at:

Responsible handling of inorganic waste is discussed, e.g., at:

For more details, see comments under other questions and follow links to further discussions. 

Who will take these actions and which types of actors are involved?

Governments are to implement effective legislation, as described on above image.  

Where will these actions be taken and how could they scale?

Global commitment should translate into action, preferably and where possible taking place locally, such as through local feebates.

Selection of implementation in any specific nation(s) is not applicable for this proposal, since it calls for a global commitment with action taken not merely in one nation or up to five nations, but instead taken around the world, as described on above image. 

In addition, specify the countries where these actions will be taken.

No country selected

Country 2

No country selected

Country 3

No country selected

Country 4

No country selected

Country 5

No country selected


What impact will these actions have on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and/or adapting to climate change?

The Climate Plan advocates - among other things - a dramatic increase in the proportion of energy generated from clean and renewable sources, which can more easily provide stable, robust and safe electricity in many ways, as opposed to nuclear or fossil fuel-powered plants which are vulnerable from many perspectives, e.g. in that they are typically centralized, meaning that all eggs are in one basket, while they can also have long supply and delivery lines. Clean and renewable energy is already technically feasible with today's technology and will over time only become more attractive, due to its numerous benefits, as also described, e.g., at the image at: 

The Climate Plan calls for multiple lines of action, to be implemented in parallel and simultaneously. 

What are the most innovative aspects and main strengths of this approach?

Sam Carana's Climate Plan constitutes the most comprehensive and effective action on climate change. Complemented by responsible handling of inorganic waste, it constitutes the best way forward toward general sustainability. The dangers of not taking action or taking ineffective action are such that the risks are unacceptable. Risks can be calculated on three dimensions, i.e. timescale, severity and probability, e.g. see 

The Climate Plan calls for multiple lines of action, to be implemented in parallel and simultaneously. Together with responsible handling of inorganic waste, it is most effective due to the way the action is proposed to be implemented, i.e. delegation down to local communities where possible and preferably through policy instruments such as local feebates. 


What are the proposal’s projected costs?

Instead of costs, there are huge benefits associated with implementation of the Climate Plan and responsible handling of inorganic waste. There are no economic nor technical reasons to delay implementation of this proposal. Instead of costs, negative sides or other problems there are numerous benefits. The challenge is to increase awareness that translates into the necessary political action. 

About the Authors

Sam Carana has been advocating the above action for more than a decade through social media. 


Sam Carana has developed the above action through lifelong insight in topics including climate change, waste management, policy instruments and social responses to change. Many references can be found at

What enabling environment would be required in order to implement this proposal?